The reasons for false attribution mainly come from two points: one is the desire of human nature to control, and the other is the wrong logical attribution; Let's discuss them separately.
First, the desire of human nature to control
To illustrate the human desire to control, when we were young, we all took exams, but the test results were ranked. In other words, if in the traditional understanding, the top 5% can be counted as top students, then the vast majority of people are ordinary students.
At this time, what will students who want to do well in the exam do, and his greatest possibility is to go to the top students to learn the Latest Mailing Database scriptures and work overtime to study. He will want to change the status quo through his own efforts. In other words, students attribute their poor grades to their own learning methods or their own lack of effort. So is this really the case, and there may be a reason for this, but not the main reason.
The main reason is actually the intellectual factor, although everyone does not want to admit it, but the truth is so cruel. The intelligence of different people is actually as different as the height of different people, but the height is visible, we accept the difference, and the intelligence is invisible, and many people tend to ignore its difference.
Don't most people realize that intelligence is the main factor? Of course you can, but refuse to admit that this is the influence of the desire to control, and no one wants to face the situation of powerlessness, but wants to make everything controllable.
If bad grades are attributed to lack of effort, the wrong method can be changed, but if it is attributed to intelligence, there is nothing that can be done. This is difficult for anyone to accept, so teachers will generally say to the parents of students with poor academic performance, your child is very smart, but there is no way to master it without effort. Over time, the Internet will often see what kind of speech I can do if I study hard, which is probably a kind of self-hypnosis.
In addition, educational institutions and various cram schools like to "secondary development" of intelligence, so that children win on the "starting line", I believe that intelligence is not the most important. But in fact, the child's starting line is the parents, if you really want your child to win at the starting line, then parents try to improve the class is the most effective way. As for the secondary development of intelligence, this is a thing that has not been proven feasible or unproductive, but the speakers will not betray their class, so educational institutions actually do not care about whether they can "re-develop", anyway, the money is in hand.
Human nature tends to be in control, simply to put it, if something is beyond my control, then I try to interpret it as a situation that I can control to reduce my panic.
There are too many examples of this, and for almost everything that can't be done, there are people who make money by doing it. For example, the pill of elevation, the treatment of rabies, the treatment of advanced cancer, transport, the use of cosmic energy to treat the deaf and dumb, and so on. Anyway, as long as you grasp the good people's desire to control, there is always an endless IQ tax to collect.
Of course, we should not be harsh on today's people, in fact, from ancient times to the present, from the middle to the outside. For example, the ancients could not control the precipitation and what to do with the grain production, and the sacrifice was made. People will always go through difficulties, what if life is very painful, the Lord is with you. Turning uncontrollable ways into self-perceived controllability is a common way to seek security.
Second, the logical attribution of errors
If the desire for control of human nature is likened to the first driving force of false attribution, then the logic of error is the second driving force of false attribution.
Most of the time we overestimate our logical abilities, and a few simple tricks can deceive the vast majority of people. I'll give a few examples below to illustrate this point.
The rooster crows causing the sun to rise or the sun to rise causing the roosters to crow.
Most people believe in the former, after all, the sun does not actually rise, but the earth revolves around the sun. Even if there is no animal like a chicken in the world, how the earth should turn or how it will turn, and nothing can change.
But the rising sun causes the rooster to crow, right?
We usually think about this as follows, the sun rises, the rooster sees the sun or feels the sun, and then it crows. This is a kind of attribution, there is nothing wrong with logic, for example, the ancestors summed up the lunar calendar by observing the changes of the four seasons, although the attribution method has made everyone quarrel for thousands of years because it cannot prove the characteristics of "next time", but most of the time it is accurate.
Knocking on the blackboard, the above rooster example, as well as the lunar calendar example, all reveal correlation rather than causality, which is often overlooked, and two things have correlation and two things have causality are completely different concepts. That is to say, the rooster chirping and the sun rising are related, and the two always occur together, but there is no causal relationship between the two.